Military

Russia endorses new 10-year armament program

Fuad Mukhtarov Feature 25 January 2018
Russia endorses new 10-year armament program

Russia has endorsed a new state armament program for 2018-2027 years, President Vladimir Putin has announced.

"We are adopting - have already adopted - an armament program and a state defense order by 2027," Putin said Wednesday in Ufa at the PJSC United Engine-Building Corporation - Ufa Engine Building Production Association.

He assured that the defense industry will work stably and rhythmically over these years and the new armament program will be implemented from 2018 to 2027.

Putin said that once the "peak of deliveries under the state defense order" is passed in 2020, defense industry enterprises would have to put a greater emphasis on civilian production.

At the year-end board meeting of Russian Defense Ministry in 2017, Putin said that the State Armaments Program will put a special emphasis on the provision of troops with high-precision air, land and sea-based weapons, unmanned strike aircraft, as well as individual equipment for servicemen, the state-of-the-art reconnaissance, communications and electronic warfare systems.

Russia has started development of a new unmanned strike aircraft in the same general class as the General Atomics Avenger. The Russian defense ministry awarded a contract to the Simonov design bureau on December 26, 2017.

It will be equipped with a turbojet engine that gives the unmanned vehicle speeds at least two times greater than those of analogous propeller drones, a Russian defense industry source told RIA Novosti, according to the Russian-language Izvestiya newspaper.

The aircraft would be capable of speeding up to 1000kmph, or roughly 600mph, the paper said. Based on the available information, it is likely that the aircraft would be an intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) platform that would be used in moderately contested airspace or perhaps the maritime environment. Future developments might eventually evolve into machines capable of flying into anti-access/area-denial environments.

Over the next 10-year, the military industry will work on the new strategic missile system Sarmat, the newest S-500 air defense missile system, the hypersonic Zirkon missile, according to public statements by military officials. The military-industrial complex has also to complete the work on the armored projects of Armata, Kurganets and Bumerang.

Russian Deputy Defense Minister Yuriy Borisov had previously stated that Russia in the middle of the next decade could create a fundamentally new weapon.

"I think that the future program period will be characterized by the introduction of fundamentally new types and systems of weapons. Options received in this direction by the leading enterprises of the defense industry allow us to expect that by 2025-2026ss there will be completely new types of weapons that will make major changes in the strategy and tactics of warfare," Borisov said in an interview with the Military Industrial Courier weekly.

The aviation industry also faces a number of challenges in the next 10 years. In particular, on December 13 last year, the general designer and vice-president for innovations of the United Aircraft Corporation Sergey Korotkov told Interfax that the work to create a future long-range interceptor could begin as early as 2018.

"Most likely, work will begin in 2018. I hope so, all depends on when the main document - the state armament program will be available," Korotkov said.

Besides, the Su-57 Prospective Airborne Complex of Frontline Aviation (PAC FA) and MiG-35 fighters are expected to be made operational. It is also expected to upgrade Tu-95, Tu-160 and long-range bombers Tu-22M3 and the long-range aviation complex (PAC FA).

The construction of the Borey-B nuclear-powered submarine cruiser was laid in the new state armament program, Russian navy commander-in-chief Vladimir Korolyov said in December.

Deputy Commander of the Russian Navy Viktor Bursuk said earlier that the construction of a new aircraft carrier for the Russian Navy was laid in the second program period of the new state armament program. In addition, the Russian fleet intends to get two helicopter carriers until 2025 and they can be equipped with the state-of-the-art Ka-52K Katran helicopters.

In all, R20 trillion, or $358 billion, are envisaged for the implementation of the state armament program until 2027, of which R19 trillion will be spent on procurement, repair and development of the weapons, military and special equipment, Russian Deputy Defense Minister Tatyana Shevtsova said.

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