Iran Holds Presidential Election
Iran holds the 13th presidential election on June 18. The presidential election is held at the same time as the parliamentary by-election, the by-election for the fifth term of the Assembly of Experts, and the city and village council elections.
Following the withdrawals of some of the candidates, the remaining candidates are Judiciary Chief Ebrahim Raisi, conservative Expediency Council Secretary Mohsen Rezai, Amir Hossein Qazizadeh-Hashemi and moderate technocrat Abdolnasser Hemmati.
Hardline judiciary chief Ebrahim Raisi - whom President Rouhani defeated resoundingly in the 2017 presidential election - is the overwhelming favourite this time. Raisi has 63.7% support among (6,582) respondents after three candidates dropped out on June 16, according to a recent survey conducted by the state-backed Iranian Students Polling Agency (ISPA).
Abdolnasser Hemmati - the only reformist and non-conservative in the race - has 4.2% support. Conservative MP Alireza Zakani and Former Chief Nuclear Negotiator Saeed Jalili withdrew from the race and endorsed Raisi on the final day of campaigning. A reformist candidate, Former Vice president Mohsen Mehralizadeh dropped out of the race in a move to unify the reformist vote.
Based on surveys, ISPA predicts a 42% turnout in the June 18 election, which is a record low turnout. High turnout in elections has always been a vital aspect of Iran's official narrative that the Islamic system is based on popular legitimacy.
Despite the fact that Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and other senior religious and political figures have urged the public to vote, many conservatives have not echoed such calls. Guardian Council Spokesperson Abbasali Kadkhodai told the Associated Press that "low turnout does not bring about any legal problems" with the legitimacy of the election.
Meanwhile, reformists warn that a low turnout will benefit conservatives. In May, Rouhani urged the Guardian Council to approve a variety of candidates to "encourage" voters to head to the polls or risk a low turnout.
On June 16, Supreme Leader of Islamic Republic Ayatollah Ali Khamenei called for high turnout in the upcoming Iranian election, saying that a low turnout would help "the enemy" put pressure on Tehran.
“It is a few months now that the American and British media are trying very hard to decrease the people’s presence at the ballot boxes. Of course, experience has shown that the people have done the opposite of what the enemy wanted. This will be the case this time too, God willing,” Khamenei said in a televised speech on June 16, two days before the presidential and local councils’ elections.
“Those who are discouraging the people from participating in the elections are working to weaken the Islamic government in order to turn the country into a parade ground for terrorists,” he said, adding that “the people’s support of the system must be shown to the enemy.”
During a weekly cabinet meeting on June 16, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani urged voters to actively participate in the election amid concerns about a record low turnout.
Rouhani also criticized the presidential candidates for blaming his government without talking about the impact that the US sanctions imposed by former President Donald Trump have had on Iran's economy.
"During the campaigning, nobody's talked about America's crimes. Not one person mentioned Trump," the Iranian president said.
In May 2018, Trump’s administration pulled out of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), widely known as the 2015 nuclear deal, and re-imposed sanctions on Tehran. Iran retaliated by abandoning most of its obligations and accelerating its nuclear program. Iran has recently produced 62.8 kilograms of uranium enriched up to 20 percent purity and 2.4 kilograms enriched up to 60 percent purity — well above the 3.67 percent purity allowed under the nuclear deal.
Several rounds of talks on reviving the nuclear deal (JCPOA) between the deal’s remaining signatories (France, Germany, the UK, Russia, China, the EU and Iran) and a US delegation were held in Vienna since April 2021.